HISTORY OF HIGH HEELS
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The origin of
the high heel goes back many centuries in history. The first
precursors of stiletto heels were discovered in a tomb of
Tebas in Old Egypt, and date from 1000 BC. These heels
possibly provided a high social status to those who wore
prevailed in Old Greece, where Esquilo, the first great
Greek theatrical author mounted his actors on platform shoes
of differing heights to indicate each character's social
status. The same idea existed in the East. The Japanese
emperor Hirohito was crowned in 1926 on platform shoes with
a height of 30 cm.
|High heels are
associated with sex. Japanese courtiers had clogs of 15 to
30 cm, Chinese concubines and Turkish odalisques had high
sandals possibly to prevent them from escaping from the
harem, and prostitutes of Old Rome were identified by their
European fashion of the high heel comes from the Italian
"chapiney" or "chopine" style: mounted
shoes on a 15 to 42 cm high cylinder. Some reached 75 cm and
the ladies who wore them had to lean on sticks so that they
chopines were prohibited in Venice, but nothing could stop
the trend. The invention of the high heel is attributed to
Catherine of Medici in Paris, in the 16th century, who used
them due to her short stature, and soon introduced them into
fashion amongst the European aristocracy.
In the 17th
century, the English Parliament punished as witches all
women who used high heels to seduce men into marrying them.
In his biography, the famous Giovanni Casanova declared his
love for high heels, which raised women's hoop skirts, thus
showing their legs.
In the 19th
century, high heels were introduced into the USA, imported
from brothels in Paris because of the success they had had
amongst the clientele who preferred to hire the services of
prostitutes who wore these heels.
shoes didn't exist as such before the 20th century, it was
more an activity within the modest shoemaker profession.
The industry of
mass-production of footwear had its beginnings in the USA,
where what began as a family activity of colonists from New
England, ended in the appearance of the first shops in the
middle of the 18th century.
of handmade shoes, like the famous designer, is to a great
extent a European phenomenon, in countries such as England
and Italy. Also in France, where footwear design was
intimately related to dressmaking, whose Parisian industry
was founded by the Englishman Charles Frederick Worth in
1858, and it was the first of prominence in the world of
fashion, to the point where he dressed the whole of European
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